Current evidence syntheses
What is the effect on groundwater storage of restoring, constructing or draining wetlands? A systematic review
Wetlands are created for many reasons, but in recent years their hydrological effects have come more into focus. This review investigates how restoring, creating or draining wetlands affect the groundwater storage. The review synthesizes the available evidence and presents quantitative estimates. The review was published in December 2022.
How does wastewater affect aquatic organisms? A systematic review
Wastewater from municipal wastewater treatment plants often contain residues of various kinds of pollutants. How are aquatic organisms affected by wastewater purified by conventional techniques? Does it make any difference if the wastewater is purified with more sophisticated techniques than is commonly used in Sweden today? Formas will answer these questions in a systematic review.
How do selected crop rotations affect soil organic carbon in arable soils? A systematic review
Soils contain the largest terrestrial carbon pool globally and can provide a vital ecosystem service by acting as a carbon sink. However, soils may be sensitive to changes in land use and agricultural management practices. This systematic review critically appraise and synthesize all available research concerning selected crop rotations and their effect on soil organic carbon. The systematic review was published in Swedish in April 2021. Read the Swedish report External link.
What is the effect of giving the grazers access to additional nutrient sources on biodiversity in semi-natural pastures? A systematic review
This systematic review aims to find out how the biological diversity in natural pastures is affected by the grazing animals being given access to extra nutrition, either in the form of supplementary feeding, or by giving them access to more nutritious pastures within the same enclosure as the natural pastures.
How effectively do natural soils retain phosphorus from on-site wastewater treatment systems? A systematic map
Small wastewater treatment systems that release phosphorus into the soil are considered one of the causes of eutrophication in surface waters. However, the phosphorus discharge can be purified naturally by so-called soil retention. This means that the nutrients are kept in soil and plants. It is uncertain how effective soil retention is and what factors affect the retention process. Both authorities, the industry and private individuals in Sweden request a rigorous overview of the research published on the subject.
What effect does mosquito control with Bti have on ecosystems? A systematic review
The bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis serovar israelensis (Bti) is used in many countries as a biologic larvicide to control mosquitoes and black flies. Bti is very effective against the target insects, but when these become fewer, other effects on the ecosystem can occur. Formas will critically appraise and analyse all available research, on such indirect effects on the environment, in a systematic review.
What is the effect of environmental adaptation or removal of small dams on biodiversity?
In this review we will investigate what the effects are on biodiversity of entirely removing or adapting small dams to comply with environmental standards. The question will focus on specific aspects of the issue and is of high relevance for current legislative changes associated with restoration and hydropower.